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Zeus punished him by ordering him to institute the Pythian Games at Delphi. There were athletic and musical competitions and Apollo even took part in some of them.
The games were then held every four years as a tribute to Apollo. He never married but had many lovers. There are only a few descriptions of Apollo in literature but they were detailed enough to give us a good idea of what he looked like.
In artistic representations of the god, he is shown as a young and handsome man with golden hair. Unlike most other male gods, Apollo does not have a beard and is usually shown with a crown of laurel leaves on his head.
There are many symbols associated with Apollo, including bow and arrows, his musical instrument the lyre and a snake, a tribute to his battle with the Python.
He is also associated with many symbols relating to his headwear, including rays of light, a wreath and laurel branches.
Sign in. Log into your account. Password recovery. Zeus stopped this fight and gave Marpessa the chance to choose.
She chose Idas — since she feared that Apollo would stop loving her after she grows old. In an attempt to seduce her, Apollo gifted Cassandra , the Trojan princess, the gift of prophecy.
However, afterward she backed out of the deal. Ever since, nobody believes her — even though her prophecies are always right. She asked from her father, the river god Peneus , to be transformed into something else.
And just as Apollo was about to embrace her, she was — into a laurel tree. She is the goddess of hunting and animals and therefore is often depicted with a bow and arrow.
She was also one of the three virgin goddesses. A hunter named Iron became best friends with Artemis, and they would often hunt together.
The Pythia was Apollo's high priestess and his mouthpiece through whom he gave prophecies. Pythia is arguably the constant favorite of Apollo among the mortals.
Hera once again sent another giant, Tityos to rape Leto. This time Apollo shot him with his arrows and attacked him with his golden sword.
According to other version, Artemis also aided him in protecting their mother by attacking Tityos with her arrows. Admetus was the king of Pherae , who was known for his hospitality.
When Apollo was exiled from Olympus for killing Python, he served as a herdsman under Admetus, who was then young and unmarried.
Apollo is said to have shared a romantic relationship with Admetus during his stay. Because Admetus had treated Apollo well, the god conferred great benefits on him in return.
Apollo's mere presence is said to have made the cattle give birth to twins. He was present during their wedding to give his blessings.
When Admetus angered the goddess Artemis by forgetting to give her the due offerings, Apollo came to the rescue and calmed his sister.
According to another version, or perhaps some years later, when Zeus struck down Apollo's son Asclepius with a lightning bolt for resurrecting the dead, Apollo in revenge killed the Cyclopes , who had fashioned the bolt for Zeus.
Zeus obliged and sentenced Apollo to one year of hard labor once again under Admetus. The fate of Niobe was prophesied by Apollo while he was still in Leto's womb.
She displayed hubris when she boasted that she was superior to Leto because she had fourteen children Niobids , seven male and seven female, while Leto had only two.
She further mocked Apollo's effeminate appearance and Artemis' manly appearance. Leto, insulted by this, told her children to punish Niobe.
Accordingly, Apollo killed Niobe's sons, and Artemis her daughters. According to some versions of the myth, among the Niobids, Chloris and her brother Amyclas were not killed because they prayed to Leto.
Amphion, at the sight of his dead sons, either killed himself or was killed by Apollo after swearing revenge. Her tears formed the river Achelous.
Zeus had turned all the people of Thebes to stone and so no one buried the Niobids until the ninth day after their death, when the gods themselves entombed them.
When Chloris married and had children, Apollo granted her son Nestor the years he had taken away from the Niobids. Hence, Nestor was able to live for 3 generations.
Apollodorus states that the gods willingly went to the king disguised as humans in order to check his hubris.
In Ovid's account, Apollo completes his task by playing his tunes on his lyre. In Pindar 's odes, the gods took a mortal named Aeacus as their assistant.
Apollo immediately prophesied that Troy would fall at the hands of Aeacus's descendants, the Aeacidae i.
Later, his great grandson Neoptolemus was present in the wooden horse that lead to the downfall of Troy. However, the king not only refused to give the gods the wages he had promised, but also threatened to bind their feet and hands, and sell them as slaves.
Angered by the unpaid labour and the insults, Apollo infected the city with a pestilence and Posedion sent the sea monster Cetus.
To deliver the city from it, Laomedon had to sacrifice his daughter Hesione who would later be saved by Heracles.
During his stay in Troy, Apollo had a lover named Ourea, who was a nymph and daughter of Poseidon.
Together they had a son named Ileus, whom Apollo loved dearly. During the war, the Greek king Agamemnon captured Chryseis , the daughter of Apollo's priest Chryses , and refused to return her.
Angered by this, Apollo shot arrows infected with the plague into the Greek encampment. He demanded that they return the girl, and the Achaeans Greeks complied, indirectly causing the anger of Achilles , which is the theme of the Iliad.
Receiving the aegis from Zeus, Apollo entered the battlefield as per his father's command, causing great terror to the enemy with his war cry.
He pushed the Greeks back and destroyed many of the soldiers. He is described as "the rouser of armies" because he rallied the Trojan army when they were falling apart.
When Zeus allowed the other gods to get involved in the war, Apollo was provoked by Poseidon to a duel. However, Apollo declined to fight him, saying that he wouldn't fight his uncle for the sake of mortals.
When the Greek hero Diomedes injured the Trojan hero Aeneas , Aphrodite tried to rescue him, but Diomedes injured her as well.
Apollo then enveloped Aeneas in a cloud to protect him. He repelled the attacks Diomedes made on him and gave the hero a stern warning to abstain himself from attacking a god.
Aeneas was then taken to Pergamos, a sacred spot in Troy , where he was healed. After the death of Sarpedon , a son of Zeus, Apollo rescued the corpse from the battlefield as per his father's wish and cleaned it.
He then gave it to Sleep Hypnos and Death Thanatos. Apollo had also once convinced Athena to stop the war for that day, so that the warriors can relieve themselves for a while.
The Trojan hero Hector who, according to some, was the god's own son by Hecuba  was favored by Apollo.
When he got severely injured, Apollo healed him and encouraged him to take up his arms. During a duel with Achilles, when Hector was about to lose, Apollo hid Hector in a cloud of mist to save him.
When the Greek warrior Patroclus tried to get into the fort of Troy, he was stopped by Apollo. Encouraging Hector to attack Patroclus, Apollo stripped the armour of the Greek warrior and broke his weapons.
Patroclus was eventually killed by Hector. At last, after Hector's fated death, Apollo protected his corpse from Achilles' attempt to mutilate it by creating a magical cloud over the corpse.
Apollo held a grudge against Achilles throughout the war because Achilles had murdered his son Tenes before the war began and brutally assassinated his son Troilus in his own temple.
Not only did Apollo save Hector from Achilles, he also tricked Achilles by disguising himself as a Trojan warrior and driving him away from the gates.
He foiled Achilles' attempt to mutilate Hector's dead body. Finally, Apollo caused Achilles' death by guiding an arrow shot by Paris into Achilles ' heel.
In some versions, Apollo himself killed Achilles by taking the disguise of Paris. Apollo helped many Trojan warriors, including Agenor , Polydamas , Glaucus in the battlefield.
Though he greatly favored the Trojans, Apollo was bound to follow the orders of Zeus and served his father loyally during the war. After Heracles then named Alcides was struck with madness and killed his family, he sought to purify himself and consulted the oracle of Apollo.
Apollo, through the Pythia, commanded him to serve king Eurystheus for twelve years and complete the ten tasks the king would give him. Only then would Alcides be absolved of his sin.
Apollo also renamed him as Heracles. To complete his third task, Heracles had to capture the Ceryneian Hind , a hind sacred to Artemis, and bring it alive.
He chased the hind for one year. When the animal eventually got tired and tried crossing the river Ladon, he captured it. While he was taking it back, he was confronted by Apollo and Artemis, who were angered at Heracles for this act.
However, Heracles soothed the goddess and explained his situation to her. After much pleading, Artemis permitted him to take the hind and told him to return it later.
After he was freed from his servitude to Eurystheus, Heracles fell in conflict with Iphytus, a prince of Oechalia, and murdered him.
Soon after, he contracted a terrible disease. He consulted the oracle of Apollo once again, in hope of ridding himself of the disease.
The Pythia, however, denied to give any prophesy. In anger, Heracles snatched the sacred tripod and started walking away, intending to start his own oracle.
However, Apollo did not tolerate this and stopped Heracles; a duel ensued between them. Artemis rushed to support Apollo, while Athena supported Heracles.
Soon, Zeus threw his thunderbolt between the fighting brothers and separated them. He reprimanded Heracles for this act of violation and asked Apollo to give a solution to Heracles.
Apollo then ordered the hero to serve under Omphale , queen of Lydia for one year in order to purify himself.
Periphas was an Attican king and a priest of Apollo. He was noble, just and rich. He did all his duties justly. Because of this people were very fond of him and started honouring him to the same extent as Zeus.
At one point, they worshipped Periphas in place of Zeus and set up shrines and temples for him. This annoyed Zeus, who decided to annihilate the entire family of Periphas.
But because he was a just king and a good devotee, Apollo intervened and requested his father to spare Periphas. Zeus considered Apollo's words and agreed to let him live.
But he metamorphosed Periphas into an eagle and made the eagle the king of birds. When Periphas' wife requested Zeus to let her stay with her husband, Zeus turned her into a vulture and fulfilled her wish.
A long time ago, there were three kinds of human beings: male, descended from the sun; female, descended from the earth; and androgynous, descended from the moon.
Each human being was completely round, with four arms and fours legs, two identical faces on opposite sides of a head with four ears, and all else to match.
They were powerful and unruly. Otis and Ephialtes even dared to scale Mount Olympus. To check their insolence, Zeus devised a plan to humble them and improve their manners instead of completely destroying them.
He cut them all in two and asked Apollo to make necessary repairs, giving humans the individual shape they still have now. Apollo turned their heads and necks around towards their wounds, he pulled together their skin at the abdomen , and sewed the skin together at the middle of it.
This is what we call navel today. He smoothened the wrinkles and shaped the chest. But he made sure to leave a few wrinkles on the abdomen and around the navel so that they might be reminded of their punishment.
Apollo was also bidden to heal their wounds and compose their forms. So Apollo gave a turn to the face and pulled the skin from the sides all over that which in our language is called the belly, like the purses which draw in, and he made one mouth at the centre [of the belly] which he fastened in a knot the same which is called the navel ; he also moulded the breast and took out most of the wrinkles, much as a shoemaker might smooth leather upon a last; he left a few wrinkles, however, in the region of the belly and navel, as a memorial of the primeval state.
Apollo Kourotrophos is the god who nurtures and protects children and the young, especially boys. He oversees their education and their passage into adulthood.
Education is said to have originated from Apollo and the Muses. Many myths have him train his children. It was a custom for boys to cut and dedicate their long hair to Apollo after reaching adulthood.
Chiron , the abandoned centaur , was fostered by Apollo, who instructed him in medicine, prophecy, archery and more.
Chiron would later become a great teacher himself. Asclepius in his childhood gained much knowledge pertaining to medicinal arts by his father.
However, he was later entrusted to Chiron for further education. Anius , Apollo's son by Rhoeo , was abandoned by his mother soon after his birth.
Apollo brought him up and educated him in mantic arts. Anius later became the priest of Apollo and the king of Delos. Iamus was the son of Apollo and Evadne.
When Evadne went into labour, Apollo sent the Moirai to assist his lover. After the child was born, Apollo sent snakes to feed the child some honey.
When Iamus reached the age of education, Apollo took him to Olympia and taught him many arts, including the ability to understand and explain the languages of birds.
Idmon was educated by Apollo to be a seer. Even though he foresaw his death that would happen in his journey with the Argonauts , he embraced his destiny and died a brave death.
To commemorate his son's bravery, Apollo commanded Boetians to build a town around the tomb of the hero, and to honor him.
Apollo adopted Carnus , the abandoned son of Zeus and Europa. He reared the child with the help of his mother Leto and educated him to be a seer.
When his son Melaneus reached the age of marriage, Apollo asked the princess Stratonice to be his son's bride and carried her away from her home when she agreed.
Apollo saved a shepherd boy name unknown from death in a large deep cave, by the means of vultures.
To thank him, the shepherd built Apollo a temple under the name Vulturius. Immediately after his birth, Apollo demanded a lyre and invented the paean , thus becoming the god of music.
As the divine singer, he is the patron of poets, singers and musicians. The invention of string music is attributed to him. Plato said that the innate ability of humans to take delight in music, rhythm and harmony is the gift of Apollo and the Muses.
For this reason, he was called Homopolon before the Homo was replaced by A. They are Apollo's sacred birds and acted as his vehicle during his travel to Hyperborea.
Among the Pythagoreans , the study of mathematics and music were connected to the worship of Apollo, their principal deity.
They also believed that music was delegated to the same mathematical laws of harmony as the mechanics of the cosmos, evolving into an idea known as the music of the spheres.
Apollo appears as the companion of the Muses , and as Musagetes "leader of Muses" he leads them in dance. They spend their time on Parnassus , which is one of their sacred places.
Apollo is also the lover of the Muses and by them he became the father of famous musicians like Orpheus and Linus. Apollo is often found delighting the immortal gods with his songs and music on the lyre.
He is a frequent guest of the Bacchanalia , and many ancient ceramics depict him being at ease amidst the maenads and satyrs. He was the victor in all those contests, but he tended to punish his opponents severely for their hubris.
Either way, the Oracle's guidance was sought by Greek rulers for every major decision and was respected in the lands of Asia Minor and by the Egyptians and Romans as well.
Apollo's priestess, or sybil, was known as Pythia. When a supplicant asked a question of the sybil, she leaned over a chasm the hole where Python was buried , fell into a trance, and began to rave.
The translations were rendered into hexameter by the temple priests. Apollo is depicted as a beardless young man ephebe.
His attributes are the tripod the stool of prophecy , lyre, bow and arrows, laurel, hawk, raven or crow, swan, fawn, roe, snake, mouse, grasshopper, and griffin.
He was also often depicted with one or both of his two main attributes: a bow and a lyre. The bow symbolized distance, death, terror, and awe, while the lyre more gently proclaimed the joy of communion with Olympus through music, poetry, and dance.
Apollo had many love affairs, though most had unfortunate endings. In art Apollo was represented as a beardless youth, either naked or robed.
Distance, death, terror, and awe were summed up in his symbolic bow. A gentler side of his nature, however, was shown in his other attribute, the lyre , which proclaimed the joy of communion with Olympus the home of the gods through music, poetry, and dance.
Though Apollo was the most Hellenic of all gods, he derived mostly from a type of god that originated in Anatolia and spread to Egypt by way of Syria and Palestine.
From there Apollo went to Pytho Delphi , where he slew Python , the dragon that guarded the area.